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外洋专家:睡前一小时不要看手机!(双语)

2019-01-14 09:53

泉源:dailymail

作者:

  Children should avoid screen time for at least an hour before bedtime and parents should lead by example, according to new guidelines.

  凭据新的原则,孩子们在入睡前一小时应该只管即便制止打仗电子屏幕,怙恃们也要发扬模范作用。

  The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) says parents must ensure youngsters are not spending too long on smartphones, tablets or watching television, which can disturb sleep patterns and have knock-on effects.

  英国皇家儿科与儿童保健学院(RCPCH)申饬家长,包管不要让孩子们花太多的工夫在智能手机,平板和看电视下面,这些扰乱孩子们的就寝纪律,另有其他的连带效应。

  In a UK first, the college has published guidance designed to help parents manage their children's screen time. Following a major review, they acknowledge that high levels of time are linked to a less healthy diet, a sedentary lifestyle and poorer mental health.

  这在英国事首例,该学院出台引导方案资助怙恃办理孩子打仗屏幕的工夫。在一次大范围的回放中发明,怙恃们都认可屏幕利用工夫过长会招致不康健的饮食方法,养成久坐的风俗,生理康健题目会较差。

  But experts said there was little evidence that screen time is directly ‘toxic’ to health. They stopped short of setting recommended time limits, saying there is insufficient evidence that screen time in itself is harmful to child health at any age.

  但是也有专家称,没有证据表现玩电子设置装备摆设工夫的是非对付“迫害”康健有间接的干系。他们没有设定发起的工夫限定,却称充足的证据表现,屏幕利用工夫是非会对任何年事段的孩子的康健形成影响

  Dr Max Davie, a health officer at the RCPCH, said that children learn 'from example rather than instruction'.He said: ‘It's very difficult to impose [overall] strict limits on your children's screen use if you are constantly on screens yourself. Parents need to get control of their own screen time if they are going to get control of the family's screen time. It's much easier to be authoritative if you practise what you preach.’

  在英国皇家儿科与儿童保健学院的一位事情职员——Max Davie博士表现,:“孩子的学习形式是仿照,而不是引导。要是你本身都不停要看屏幕的话,那么对付得孩子举行严酷的屏幕工夫控制黑白常困难的。怙恃亲要是想要控制整个家庭利用屏幕工夫,必需要以身作则。本身先践行本身的推许,树立权势巨子性才更简朴。”

  They suggested that parents should approach screen time based on the child's developmental age, the individual need and value the family place on positive activities such as socialising, exercise and sleep.

  专家发起怙恃应该基于孩子的发展发育、小我私家需求的环境对孩子利用屏幕工夫举行干涉,爱惜在家庭的发展工夫做越发故意义的运动,好比交际,熬炼和睡觉。

  When screen time displaces these activities, the evidence suggests there is a risk to child wellbeing, they said.

  要是孩子们看屏幕的工夫占据了原来其他运动的工夫,那么对付这孩子的生长会有倒霉的影响。

  He said: ‘The parent guidelines are sensible insofar as they go, but do not distinguish between different types of screen time.‘The notion that it should stop one hour before bedtime is welcome, but more detail on exactly how to turn off wifi access and keep smartphones out of the bedroom would help parents.’

  他说:“只需他们去做他们的引导目标是明白的,只需是看屏幕的工夫都算不要有所区分。”“原则是在睡前的一小时不利用屏幕,想更多的实行细节好比封闭wifi,把只能手机放到房间表面都可以或许资助怙恃告竣目的。”

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